Carbon Neutral Energy Production by Hydrate Swapping

The purpose of the project is to develop a viable and safe method to produce methane gas from naturally occurring reservoirs of gas hydrates by injecting CO2 or gas mixtures containing CO2 (such as power plant flue gas) into these hydrate reservoirs.

The project will attempt to address two urgent major global issues: The future supply of energy for an increasing population, and the threat of catastrophic climate change as a result of global warming caused by greenhouse gases such as CO2.

This project will attempt to address both these issues by using CO2 to produce the vast resources of natural gas locked up as solid gas hydrates in permafrost and oceanic margin zones. The natural gas hydrates are converted to CO2 hydrates, thereby storing CO2 (the major greenhouse gas) while simultaneously releasing natural gas.

This so-called “swapping” process, whereby methane (the major component in natural gas) in the hydrate is replaced by CO2, allows for production of natural gas from hydrate without adversely affecting the stability of the solid hydrate.

A demonstration of the viability of the project will have enormous scientific and societal effects. Safe production of natural gas from hydrates whilst also storing CO2 could dramatically alter both the world’s energy landscape, at the same time mitigating the effects on global warming.

The project is funded by The Danish Council for Independent Research. It is scheduled to run from 2017-2020 and will involve two PhD students. KAIST (Korea) and Mærsk Oil and Gas will also participate in the project.

Co- supervisors:

Dr. Niels Lindeloff, Mærsk Oil
Associate Professor Lee (KAIST)     

Contact

Nicolas von Solms
Associate Professor
DTU Chemical Engineering
+45 45 25 28 67